Fair Price & Wages

Towards an integrated approach for project analysis for small farmers: the Living Income / Fair Price method

The paper provides a basis for an integrated approach of agricultural project analysis with special attention to small farmers by expanding FAO’s Commodity Chain Analysis to an approach that includes power relations, both national and international, and 

income distribution. In order to be able to invest in production increasing techniques, the farmer must get enough revenue for his products to maintain his family in an appropriate way, as well as to be able to invest in tools and equipment. The economic, financial and social consequences of the prevailing system of market prices on small farmers are analysed and ‘fair’ prices for the products are calculated. These fair prices are based on a Living Income concept that allows farmers a decent standard of living and some funds to invest.

The policy paper can be foundhere

'Fair' Prices : Peasants and the possibilities of a Living Income (including a case study of Burkina Faso)

InfoBridge published a study paper: 'Fair' Prices : Peasants and the possibilities of a Living Income (including a case study of Burkina Faso)

After a brief discussion of the main approaches to the concept of the ‘Living Wage’ (LW), a methodology is developed how to apply this concept to the case of peasants. Since peasants do not receive a wage, the Living Wage definition is adapted to that of a ‘Living Income’ (LI). 


A peasant should earn sufficient to pay seasonal workers and family members a Living Wage for the time they work, while himself earning a Living Income. The Living Income is the sum of the Living Wages for all workers involved, plus an additional percentage to enable investments to raise production in time. Instead of taking market prices as point of reference, the Living Income approach for peasants is a method to calculate what producer prices should be, given the size of the area and existing production methods, in order to be able to earn a Living Income. These prices may be different from market prices that often are not equilibrium prices, because of food aid, subsidies on imports, power positions of market parties etc. Comparison of the prices needed for a Living Income with actual market prices may lead to a further reflection on the prevailing price system for food crops, and to questions about the long-term food security and development prospects of the country, and of peasants especially. A calculation of prices needed to achieve a Living Income and the differences with market prices is worked out for a case in Burkina Faso. 

The study paper can be found here

Guide How to Calculate Fair Prices

InfoBridge published a Guide in "Fair Price Resources": 'Guide How to Calculate Fair Prices' by Ruud Bronkhorst

Additional income goats 2.1

A practical example is given how to calculate Fair Prices for agricultural products originating from small-holders. It starts with the calculation of a Living Wage as it is known in industry (esp. textile), based on the needs of a worker to maintain his/her family. This Living Wage is the basis for the calculation of a Living Income for the farmer. The Living Income per household combined with production costs, determines the amount the farmer has to receive for his products. Based on this income needed and the actual production costs, a Fair Price can be calculated for each different crop.

An Excel-sheet is attached showing the different steps to be taken to calculate a Fair Price. The Guide can be found here.


Community Outreach Project 2017


The Community Outreach Project (COP) is a partnership programme between the Faculty of Science of the Radboud University, The Netherlands, in collaboration with InfoBridge Foundation and other Dutch partners, and a number of local partners from selected countries in Africa and Asia.

In July and August 2017 the COPstudent groups will again go to the 12 local partners in Africa and India. Four of them are partners of InfoBridge foundation.

Based on specific requests by the local partners the student groups are currently preparing for a three-weeks project activity for the communities that the local partners are serving.


Partner News: Youth Skills for Development , Zambia

YSfD-ZambiaIn 2013 Youth Skills for Development, a partner of InfoBridge Foundation in the TelecentresAfrica project, was invited by InfoBridge to join the Community Outreach Programme (COP) of the Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, and implement yearly a Community Outreach Project in Kitwe City, on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia.

COP is a partnership programme between the Radboud University, The Netherlands, in collaboration with InfoBridge Foundation, and a number of local project partners from selected developing countries in Africa and Asia. Youth Skills for Development signed a contract to be a local partner, joining three other projects in Zambia and in total twelve other projects from eight countries around the world that are taking part in the COP programme.

A report on the COP project in Kitwe in 2013 prepared by Simon Wandila, the project leader of Youth Skills for Development, can be found here. Also this year a large group of students will go to Kitwe (Zambia).

Partner News: Change Initiatives India

Community Outreach Project 2013 of Radboud University Nijmegen in India

Roos van der Zwan and Charlotte Puttenstein of the Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands) successfully carried out a project within the framework of the Community Outreach Programme (COP) with Change Initiatives in India in July.


They provided an advanced ICT training for women entrepreneurs of New Digital Graphics and gave a basic training in English to boys and girls of Madandanga and Kantabele villages near Kolkata (West Bengal).

More information at the Facebook page of Change Initiatives.